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Colombia has 200 years of democratic tradition, and since the founding of the Republic, its rules have sought to consolidate institutions and design and execute public policies that both service the citizens and give the State a legal system that guarantees individual freedom and promotes prosperity and social progress. Colombian democracy is firmly based on the principle of separations of powers, economic freedom, and, recently, the political and administrative decentralization of the territorial entities in terms of departmental and municipal levels.

Colombians have also faced huge challenges over the past two centuries. The institutional building process has occurred among manifestations of violence and, since the second half of the 20th century and the threat posed by criminal economies. These challenges have involved opening spaces for the dialogue and the political negotiation and the signing, over several decades, of peace agreements with groups that have re-joined society in a political and participatory manner. The last of these agreements was signed in 2016, with the FARC guerrilla.

In parallel, the country has been able to consolidate a responsible economic management, allowing, at the same time, to maintain positive growth rates year after year (with one exception, since the middle of the last century), has avoided hyperinflationary crises and has honored its international financial commitments without fail. This has endorsed to proceed with the purpose of overcoming poverty and achieving higher levels of equity. Colombians now receive better education and health; the use of natural resources is increasingly sustainable; and young people have more opportunities to start businesses and innovate.

The celebration of the Bicentennial is introduced as an opportunity to reflect and project the country forward. In this context and given the relevant dynamics that the Colombian State maintains with the international community, it has been considered opportune to promote spaces for discussion on the achievements and challenges that have arisen after 200 years of republican life.

Promote a more comprehensive understanding of what Colombia is in the 21st century and the progress and challenges it faces. In addition to opening non-traditional conversation channels in different countries.
The academic will present their points of view on the process of democratic construction in Colombia along the last two centuries, and how the current challenges such as addressing the exodus of Venezuelan citizens, the implementation of the Agreement signed with former FARC guerrilla and overcoming violence in some regions of the country are being faced.


Marcos David Peckel

Marcos David Peckel Academician and professor of International Relations of the “Universidad Externado de Colombia” since 1997; “Universidad del Rosario” since 2015; the Diplomatic Academy “Augusto Ramírez Ocampo” of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia since 2011; and of the National Army Intelligence and Counterintelligence School between 2014 and 2018.
He has been a columnist on international affairs in Colombian and foreign newspapers; he is a regular participant in opinion programs on radio and television as well as a lecturer and panelist mainly on International Relations. He has also been researcher at the Strategic Thinking Center of the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He speaks Spanish and English.
He is author of innumerable articles on international affairs, peace processes, terrorism, diplomacy, conflicts, and related issues. Author of the chapter "Colombia and the United States, the Essential Relationship" of the Book: “Colombia: Una Nación Hecha a Pulso”. Essays to rethink our country (2019) and the chapter: “International Conflicts and Peace Processes”, from the book “Build Peace”

Arrangör/Organiser: The Embassy of Colombia in Sweden and the Nordic Institute of Latin American Studies
Kontakt/Contact: Dr. Christina Alnevall
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